QUIZ TELLING HER-STORY M1
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Women were allowed to study at universities in Central Europe at the end of 19th century (around 1897)
Anarcha-feminism – Radical feminism espouses the belief that patriarchy is a fundamental problem in our society. Feminist anarchism, or anarcha-feminism (a term allegedly created during in 1960’s second-wave feminism), views patriarchy as the first manifestation of hierarchy in human history; thus, the first form of oppression occurred in the dominance of male over female. Anarcha-feminism is most often associated with early 20th-century authors and theorists such as Emma Goldman and Voltairine de Cleyre, although even early first-wave feminist Mary Wollstonecraft held proto-anarchist views. In the Spanish Civil War, an anarcha-feminist group, Mujeres Libres (Free Women), organized to defend both anarchist and feminist ideas.
Mileva Maric was the wife of Albert Einstein..
Her life-story has remained rather unknown although her true participation in discovering the theory of relativity cannot be denied anymore. Nonetheless it is still difficult to find her name in most scientific encyclopedia where she should be present alongside Marie Curie-Sklodowska.. Today Mileva Maric Einstein is remembered by many, among them the NGO “Mileva Maric Einstein Women’s Studies and Research” in Novi Sad, who is a cooperating partner in the ewec Project.
International Women’s Day had its modest beginnings in 1908 when the Socialist Party in the US appointed a Women's National Committee to Campaign for the Suffrage. This Committee recommended that the Party set aside a day every year to campaign for women's right to vote. On March 8, 1908 a first mass meeting on women’s rights was organised. Seconded by socialist women leaders from other countries the proposal was passed by the International Socialist Congress in Copenhagen in May 1910 and International Women’s Day was born.
While in its early days celebrated as a socialist holiday honouring working women it was reclaimed by feminists in the late 1960s to celebrate women's lives and work which inspired new interest in a number of countries where the holiday had previously not been observed.
For more information visit the Website of the US National Women’s History Project – http://www.nwhp.org
In 1920 women’s right to vote was included in the first Charter of independent Czechoslovakia. In 1905 when the change of the Election Code was started, Czech women did not yet get the right to vote (they would have been the first ones in Europe since Finnish women, who were the first, only got the right to vote in 1906). On the other hand the Code from 1861 did not really say that women could not be elected. Thus, in the election to the Czech Regional Congress in 1908, the Social-Democratic Party nominated one woman on its candidate list. She was not successful in the second round; however, it was the very first political success of Czech women.
In 1918 when independent Czechoslovakia was founded, women still did not have their right to vote.
In the Swiss Canton Appenzell women have only been able to vote since 1991, in the rest of Switzerland women’s vote was introduced in 1971.
Turkey provided the electoral right to women already in 1926, while in Liechtenstein women got the right to vote in 1984 only.
Milena Jesenská (1896-1944) was a journalist, editor, translator and graduate of Minerva, first girls’ high school in Prague as well as an important personality in the avant-garde of the period between wars; Milena Jesenská died in the Ravensbrück concentration camp
1883 – 1924: are the dates of birth and death of Franz Kafka
1892 – 1943 are the dates of birth and death of Ottla Kafková-Davidová, Franz Kafka’s sister and receiver of several Kafka’s letters, who died in Auschwitz concentration camp)
2) Since when were women allowed to study at universities in Central Europe?
3) What activist feminist movement has been recently basically inspired by Mujeres Libres’ activities in the second half of 1930s?
5) and where did the tradition of the International Women’s Day start?
7) In what European country did women get their electoral right the latest and when was it?